As a whole, it was seen that most Developed Countries displayed a weak political will to fulfill their obligations to provide necessary support (finance and technology) to Developing Countries. One of the aims of the summit was to reaffirm 27 Rio Principles that were agreed upon at the 1992 Earth Summit. However the 7th Rio Principles which deals with common but differentiated responsibilities was not agreed to by Developed Countries at the PrepCom meeting. The main problem for them was the differentiation of responsibilities, which suggested that Developed Countries have a bigger responsibility.
Political commitment was renewed, complete with broad statements, calling for holistic and integrated approaches to sustainable development that will guide humanity to live in harmony with nature and which would lead to efforts to restore the health and integrity of the Earth’s ecosystem.
|The author W.L. Sumathipala is Professor of Physics at the Open University of Sri Lanka and|
Senior Technical Advisor, Ministry of Environment.